INS Vikramaditya is the newest and largest ship to join the Indian Navy on November 16, 2013. The ship was launched on 16 November 13 by Mr. AK Antony, Minister of Defense in Russia.
As we achieved our independence, our visionary leaders saw the centrality of a powerful navy and set us on the right path by envisioning an Indian navy focused on aircraft carriers for sea control in our vast areas of maritime interest. INS Vikrant, India’s first aircraft carrier was acquired from Great Britain and launched on 04 March 1961. The INS Vikrant Majestic was a carrier of the Catatubar (Catapult Assisted Take Off but Return of Arrest) and operated Sea Hawk Fighters, Allied (Anti-Submarine Warfare) aircraft and Helicopter Search. Consistent with his vision, India got ahead of HMS Hermes, a Centaur class STOVL carrier and P te victims of the Falklands War. INS Virat was commissioned on 12 May 1987 as India’s first STOVL carrier to operate India’s second aircraft carrier and Sea Harrier aircraft. Immediately after the acquisition of INS Virat, INS Vikrant was also switched from October Carrier to STOVL (Short Take-and-F and Vertical Landing) carriers. INS Vikrant was revoked in 1997 after 36 years of proud service under Indian authorities. There have been two aircraft carriers in India for almost a decade and the Indian Navy was fully aware of the criticism that aircraft carriers were available for deployment at every coast to fulfill the assigned tasks of the Navy. Recognizing the importance of aircraft carriers, the Indian Navy has already begun exploring the possibility of designing and building indigenously aircraft carriers, a project that rightly began in the late 90’s with the idea of an air defense ship. However, given the long gestation period of such projects, INS. The search for a replacement for Vikrant gained momentum as his disposal approached.
It was at this time that Russia offered Admiral Gorshkov to the Indian Navy. Negotiations to acquire 44,500,000 tons of Admiral Gorshkov began in 1994. Various high-level delegates who evaluated the ship independently concluded that the ship’s hull was in good material condition and the appropriate combination of aircraft would be worth considering for exploitation in the Indian Navy. .
Signing the contract
After detailed talks, the two countries signed a memorandum of understanding in December 1998 during a visit by Russian Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov. The international agreement, which included the acquisition of Project 11430 (Admiral Gorshkov), was signed on 04 October 2000 between the Russian Federation and the Center of the Government of India. After detailed project development review, contract negotiations and subsequent price negotiations, the government approved on 17 January 04 Rs. Acquisition at a cost of Rs.4881.67 crore. The deals were signed on 20 January 04 and the effective date of the agreement was established as 24 February 04. The R&R of the ship started from 09 April 04.
The repair and refit was being carried out by FSUE Sevamash, a state-owned shipyard in Severodvinsk, Russia. R&R was to be completed within 52 months. Although the renovation process was started with a decent bounty, it was soon realized that the required work and equipment in return was significantly higher than the original estimate. The full length of the cable, large parts of the steel hull, motors, turbines and boilers, etc. will have to be completely replaced as a result of cost change and slippage over time.
A lengthy re-negotiation was held in the coming months to reach a mutually acceptable price for the renovation. Finally, in December 2009, the Indian and Russian parties reached an agreement on the final cost of delivery of the ship. More significantly, it was agreed that the ship would be delivered only in 2012. Although the cost of renegotiating was significantly higher than originally agreed, Gorshkov’s addition would add to the blue water. Indian naval requirements compensated for the higher cost.
New incarnation ‘Vikramaditya’
An aircraft carrier carrying powerful long-range multi-role fighters is an inherently designed platform for power launches. Just as Gorshkov was transformed into Vikramaditya, so will Vikramaditya be the face of the Indian Navy’s Fleet Air Arm.
The length of the developed airfield Vikramaditya is about 284 meters and the maximum beam is about 60 meters, in which three football fields are stretched together. From the height of about 20 storeys to the highest point, the sharp view of this 44,500 ton mega structure is breathtaking. The ship has a total of 22 decks.
With more than 1,600 departures in the morning, Vikramaditya is literally a ‘floating city’. This is a huge logistics requirement associated with a large population – about a million eggs, 20,000 liters of milk and 16 tons of rice per month. With a full stock of its provisions, it is able to sustain itself at sea for about 45 days. With a capacity of 8,000 tons LSHSD, it is capable of operation up to a range of 7,000 nautical miles or 13,000 km.
Preparing for sea tests
To enable the city to cut 44,500,000 tons of floating steel at speeds of up to 30 knots, it is powered by 64 new generation boilers with a steam capacity of 100 VSPH, generating a total output power. 180,000 SHP. Vikramaditya will join the new generation of boiler technology with a very high level of automation. These high pressure and highly efficient boilers power four formidable propellers, each larger in diameter than the height of each male. Four such propeller-four shaft configurations are the second first in the Indian Navy.
06 turbo alternators and 06 diesel alternators generate a total of 18 MW of electricity to power the various devices of the ship, which is enough to meet the lighting requirement of the Mini City. The ship also has 02 reverse osmosis plants that provide an uninterrupted supply of 400 tons of fresh water per day.
Extensive improvements to sensors, including long-range air surveillance radars, advanced electronic warfare suits, enable the ship to maintain a surveillance bubble of more than 500 kilometers around the ship.
The ship has the capacity to carry more than 30 aircraft including MiG-29K / C Harrier, Kamov 31, Kamov 28, Sea King, ALH-Dhruv and Chetak helicopters. The MiG-29K swing roll fighter is the main offensive platform and provides a quantum jump to the Indian Navy’s maritime strike capability. This fourth-generation Air Excellence fighters provide the Indian Navy with a range of over 700 nm (can be increased from 1,900 nm with inflight refueling) and a range of weapons, including anti-ship missiles, with a visual range beyond the air. Missiles, guided bombs and rockets.
Extended flight deck at night
The ship is equipped with state-of-the-art launch and recovery system for easy and efficient operation of the aircraft carrier. Major systems include Luna Landing System for Mig, DAPS Landing System for Sea Harriers and Flight Deck Lighting Systems.
At the heart of the operational operational network that brings life to ship-based combat systems is the computer-aided Action Information Organization (CAIO) system, Lesorb-E. Lesorb has the ability to collect data from the ship’s sensors and data links and to process, collate and assemble a wide range of strategic images. This state of the art system is designed keeping in mind the essential requirements of the conductor for fighter control and direction.
One of the most popular devices equipped with a superstructure is the Resistor-E radar complex. Resistor-E is an automated system designed to provide short-range navigation for vehicle transaction control, orientation / landing and ship carrying aircraft. The complex, along with its various subsystems, provides navigation and flight data to carry a wide range of operated vessels from the mother ship. The accuracy approach guidance system assists fighters on the approach to direct a short distance of 30 meters from the flight deck. Vikramaditya also prides itself on the state-of-the-art communication complex CCS MK II to meet its external communication needs. The installation of the Link II technical data system allows it to be fully integrated with the Indian Navy’s network-centric operations.